Since more than 40 years ago, cervical cancer is one of the main causes of death for women, in addition to breast cancer. According to reliable statistics, in America there are thousands of new cases of cervical cancer in every year. Only because of the alert to factors and early symptoms of cancer, the death rate from cervical cancer can be reduced significantly. This article will describe some of the important factors that can cause cervical cancer and early symptoms that accompany the emergence of cervical cancer. This information is very important because it can help women to reduce the risk of cervical cancer and also reduces the risk of death from it.
Major factors in Cervical Cancer
• Infection of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
HPV is used to refer to more than 100 types of viruses that spread through skin contact. This virus has been shown to cause cervical cancer. Today, it has been found that HPV vaccine can eliminate the risk of cervical cancer due to this virus, as for the early detection of the virus can be done by observing the symptoms of warts on the body.
Obese and women who lack the nutrients from fruits and vegetables tend to be prone to the risk of cervical cancer.
• Birth Control Pills
Contraceptive pills can lead to hormonal imbalance and the hormone imbalance can trigger cervical cancer, according to some studies that have been done several years ago.
• Genetic factors
Several studies have revealed that woman who have blood relation with cancer patients have an increased risk of cervical cancer is 2 to 3 times greater than women who do not have blood relation with cancer patients. However, there is several other studies claim that cervical cancer cannot be transferred due to genetic way.
Decreased immune system may increase the risk of HPV and in turn will increase the risk of cervical cancer.
• Chlamydia Infection
This infection is known to increase the risk of cervical cancer.
This bad habit can increase the risk of cervical cancer by two times, because the processed tobacco products can encourage damage to the cells of the cervix. Another reason is that smoking can reduce the immune system so the body will be susceptible to the HPV virus.
• Multiple pregnancies
The magnitude of the risk of cervical cancer turned out to be proportional to the number of pregnancy when the pregnancy occurred 3 times or more.
• First pregnancy at a young age
Pregnant women under the age of 17 years turned out to have more risk than pregnant women aged 25 years or more.
Early symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Like most diseases, cervical cancer also has some early symptoms that can be noticed. The symptoms are as follows:
• Leg pain
Swollen cervix can lead to blocked blood flow, and ultimately led to the legs become swollen and the patient will experience pain.
• Vaginal Discharge
It can be an early sign of cervical cancer.
• Non-menstrual bleeding
It is the most common symptom of cervical cancer cases. Immediately consult if you are experiencing this kind of bleeding.
• Strange sensation during urination
Cancer that has spread can cause strange sensations and pain that is felt by women when urinating.
• Irregularities in the small bowel habits
If the frequency of urination changed unnaturally even with blood, then immediately meet a doctor, because these things can be a sign of cervical cancer.
• Irregularities in the menstrual
Menstrual irregularities may be a sign of a person’s risk for cervical cancer.
• Sexual intercourse is becoming painful
Pain during sexual intercourse is one of the symptoms of cervical cancer, which is often overlooked because it is often obscured by other causes.
• Pelvic pain
Too often pelvic pain can be a symptom of cervical cancer.
• Back Pain
Back pain of unknown cause is one of the symptoms of cervical cancer.
• Losing weight and sense of tired
Basically, weight loss and a sense of tired are common symptoms in cancer of any kind. You have to check yourself if you weigh shrink quickly and you start to feel tired easily. In the case of cervical cancer, the cancerous tissue can reduce red blood cells and could ultimately weaken the stamina, because red blood cells serve to bind oxygen needed for combustion energy in the body.
Prevention of cervical cancer can be done in several ways, namely:
• Pap-Smear Screening Test
This is the best way to detect cervical cancer because it can all be explained through analysis of uterine mucus in the laboratory. By analyzing mucus, uterine health can be ensured by extremely accurate.
We know that HPV is a major factor in the emergence of cervical cancer, so the HPV vaccine becomes very important in the prevention of cervical cancer. The recommended age to receive the vaccine is about 9 years old or before the first menstruation.
• Avoid smoking
As has been described above, the content of tobacco in cigarettes may encourage damage to the cells of the uterus.
• Use a condom when we have doubts.
We cannot be certain whether our partner is healthy and does not transmit the HPV virus. The use of condoms can reduce the risk of transmission of HPV through sexual contact.
By knowing the signs described above, you also can prevent ovarian cancer, because these signs also accompany with ovarian cancer. Be vigilant and beware!